has got the name from Raj Griha meaning the abode of the king. The city was
the capital of the mighty Magadha Empire during the period of Lord Buddha's
lifetime when Patliputra was not formed.
Rajgir is 14 kms from Nalanda. Rajgir is one of the most important tourist
places in India. Rajgir has its own very scenic beauty surrounded by five
holy hills, the picturesque little town of Rajgir is important for Buddhists
as well as Jains. Here the two rock-cut caves were the favourite retreats of
the Buddha and it was on this hill that he preached two of his most famous
sermons. The nearest airport is in Patna (115 kms) and the railhead is in
Bhakhtiyarpur (54 kms). Rajgir is well connected by good roads to Patna,
Gaya, Delhi and Kolkata (Calcutta).
many years in Rajgir and also delivered sermons here. Rajgir is equally
important for the Jain as well as Hindu pilgrims, for Lord Mahavira (the
founder of Janism) resided here for some time and the place finds its
reference in Hindu epic - Mahabharata. The historic sites of Rajgir
associated with Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism attract pilgrims from all
Facts About the City :
State : Bihar, in east of India.
Significance : A Buddhist, Jain and Hindu Pilgrimage Site
Best time to visit - October to March
Tourist Attractions in Rajgir
Shanti Stupa - This is an immence white structure
situated on the top of the hill Ratnagiri and is the main Buddhist
attraction at Rajgir. This houses four gold statues representing Buddha's
birth, enlightenment, teaching and death.
Gridhakuta Hill - Gridhakuta Hill was the favourite place
of Lord Buddha, where he delivered many discourses after he attained
enlightenment. It was here that he gave two important sutras the Lotus Sutra
and the Prajnaparamita.
Ancient Ruins - There are many sites including ruins of
the ancient city, caves, and places associated with Ajatasatru and king
Bimbisara can be seen here. Here one can see the Ajatasatru's fort built in
5th century BC where the emperor had imprisoned his father. The 1.5-km long
outer wall was built by stone blocks.
Saptparni Cave - It was here, where the first Buddhist
council was held after Buddha attained Nirvana. Also a Burmese temple, and a
modern Japanese temple can be seen here.
How to reach Rajgir
The nearest airport is at Gaya but Patna Airport, in the state
capital, is better than Gaya in terms of infrastructure and connections.
Though Rajgir has a railway station, Gaya is a
more convenient railway station, which is 78 km from Rajgir and connects all
the major cities of India.
Excellent motorable road network connects the town
to some of the major cities of Bihar and India. Some of the major road
distances are Patana-102 km, Nalanda - 12 km and Gaya - 34km.
It is 15 km away and houses the ruins of the
famous ancient Nalanda University founded in 5th century AD. Several
monasteries and temples can be seen here.
Swarajpur lake with its temple is a famous
Hindu pilgrim destination which is popular for its Sun Worship festival and
is 18 kms from Rajgir.
It is a great Jain pilgrimage centre, 35 kms
from Rajgir where Mahavira the greatest profounder of Jainism attained