is the capital of Bihar state. Patna is situated on south bank of the river
Ganga. Lord Buddha came here when he had to cross the mighty river and the
small town that stood on its banks, Pataligram. Patna is the major entry
point for pilgrims wishing to travel in the footsteps of the Buddha. It is
well connected by air, rail and road to Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai and Varanasi.
Patna is a cherished destination for the Buddhist Pilgrims, for it's
location amidst the surrounding places of Buddhist interest. Bihar, the name
of the state has itself derived from the word Vihara meaning monasteries.
Moreover, the place has seen a magnificently rich past, both in terms of
culture and civilization. It was, in times of Mahabharata, the city of
Pataliputra and in the times of rise of Buddhism, the empire of Ashoka.
Pataliputra has witnessed its golden days during the reign of Mauryan and
Gupta dynasties. Later on, with the preaching of Lord Buddha, the effect of
Buddhism started to flourish and became prominent during the reign of
Magadha dynasty. The region has been very important as a Buddhist centre of
learning right from the beginning of Buddhism.
The city has
been highly ranked in the travelogues of Megasthenes and Fa -Hien. The
descriptions in these ancient travellers' travelogues reveal Patna's
architectural grandeur and prosperity. The city was more flourished
architecturally by King Ashoka, a great patronage of Buddhism, during
260-239BC. The city is also associated with the great Afghan leader Sher
Shah Suri, who ruled over the region during the 16th century and contributed
considerably to City-architecture for the city to regain it's lost grandeur.
Located, in the eastern India, Patna is in the northern side of the holy
river Ganga and falls in the state of Bihar.
Patna offers lots of things for the enthusiasts of ancient art, culture and
the religious minded. The Gol -Ghar for a fantastic view of the river Ganga,
The museum for Maurya and Gupta period artifacts, The Harmandirji shrine for
the Sikh devotees, The Khuda Baksh oriental library for Arabic literature
experts, the Jalan museum for Chinese paintings are some of the places not
Nalanda - (Distance-90 km from Patna.) This place is
famous for the ancient University of the World, especially the teaching
methodologies and the learning system is highly appreciated. The Buddhist
monastery found here presents the most exceptionally advanced examples of
Buddhist artistry and religious progress.
(Distance-55 km from Patna.) Lord Buddha gave last sermon
here. This place is renowned for the ancient stupas, the Bawan pokhar
temple, the coronation tank and the chaturmukhi Mahadeva.
(Distance-102 km from Patna.) Rajgir was the
ancient capital of the Magadha Kingdom. And now, probably the vultures rein,
at least, in the Griddhkuta Vultures' Park. The Jain Temples, the Hot
springs, the Pippla cave, and the Venuvana are other places to visit.
How to reach
Patna has an airport, well connected to the major
cities of India.
Patna is a major station in the broad gauge
route, with all necessary connections with the metros through the broad
gauge rail network.
The national highway No. 30 runs through Patna,
and good motorable roads exist to all major destinations.
Where to stay
Some good options of stay in Patna are as follows.