Lumbini : Lord Buddha was born at Lumbini while his mother was on
her way to parental home from Kapilvastu. Lumbini should be visited and seen
by a person of devotion, Lumbini is the Mecca of every Buddhist, being one
of the four holy places of Buddhism.
Buddha was born in Lumbini during the full moon day in the month of Baisakh
in 623 B.C. he was born under a Sal tree (Shorea Robusta) when Maya Devi was
going to her maternal town on the occasion of delivery. After birth Buddha
took seven steps towards north and, looking in all directions, he declared
that "I am the foremost of all creatures to cross the riddle of the
ocean of the existence, this is my last birth and here after, I will not be
born Prince named Siddhartha had supernatural birth & signs, which
indicated that the new born child will bring deliverance to the world.
Ascetic (Rishis) warned the king that the boy might renounce the world
anytime if he happen to come across: (1). The diseased, (2). The old man,
(3). The dead body & (4). The ascetic.The king alarmed to hear this and
married Prince Siddhartha at an early age and almost imprisoned him in
pleasure palaces providing therein all kinds of enjoyments.
Lumbini is situated in Nepal about 22 kms from Bhairahawa of Nepal in the
foot hills of Himalayas. 122 kms from Gorakhpur city in Uttar Pradesh . 181
Kms from Kushinagar of Uttar Pradesh and 240 kms from Sravasti of Uttar
Pradesh of North India.
The place itself is interesting as a whole, the landscapes and the green
forestry. However Maya Devi temple and the Stupas and the Pillar built by
Ashoka are really worth a visit. Recently, several beautiful shrines have
been constructed by devotees from all over the world. A visit to Lumbini is
not only for spiritual enlightenment but also for solace and satisfaction
that one gets in such a calm and peaceful place.
Maya Devi Temple - Lumbini remained
neglected for centuries. In 1895, Feuhrer, a famous German archaeologist,
discovered the great pillar,further exploration and excavation of the
surrounding area revealed the existence of a brick temple and a sandstone
sculpture within the temple itself which represents the scenes of Buddhas
birth. On the south of the Maya Devi temple there is the famous sacred
bathing pool known as Puskarni. It is believed that Maha Devi took a bath in
this pool before the delivery. The temple is built gradually and is composed
of many temples, one after the other. It is also found that there is
possibility that a Ashoka Stupa existed in the place of temple.
The Ashokan pillar -
The Ashokan Pillar, essentially
erected by Ashoka (249 BC) visited Lumbini and erected an inscribed Ashokan
Pillar on the spot of Buddha's birth. The inscription of the pillar (the
oldest in Nepal) declares that Ashoka granted Lumbini tax-free status in
honor of Buddhas birth. It is 6m high and half of it is beneath the
ground. It is behind the Maya Devi Temple, to the west of the temple.
Emperor Ashoka erected many other pillars throughout India. The carved top
of the pillar has never been found.
The Buddhist monastery -
Its built in the
way of the modern Buddhist temples of Nepal but is quite important in the
purview of architecture of the walls. The middle hall contains some
exquisite murals resembling the medieval periods'.
A holy destination related
deeply with the life of a legend, Lord Buddha, eventually Kapilvastu is the
place where Lord Buddha had lived the childhood and the days of teenage, in
complete luxury. The capital of King Shuddhodhan, Kapilvastu still carries
with it the mystic charm. It houses many sculptures of Buddhism, which
present a landscape before that visitors that makes them feel calm, content.
Kapilvastu carries the visitors away to the ancient days when Buddha was a
small child, a prince. The place is situated 27 km south of Lumbini.
to get there
Bhairahwa is the nearest airport, 22
kms , well connected to Kathmandu airport. At present, about 22
international airlines connect Nepal to various other destinations in Asia
and the Middle East.
Gorakhpur, In India, is the nearest
railhead, 122 km from Lumbini.
Good motorable roads connect
Bhairahwa to Lumbini, and also other important cities of Nepal. India border
is 22 kms.
Where to stay ( Hotels
-|- Temples/Monasteries )
Some of the hotels in Bhairahwa are quite useful, but it is advisable to
stay in the nearby Dae Sun Suk Gu Sa monastery in the village.