Kanchipuram Monastery served as the largest Buddhist center in Tamil Nadu
during 2nd century CE. The earliest reference records present this revered
city as a site of stupa and a monastery till 7th century. Xuanzang (Hiuen
Tsang) travel accounts reveal the presence of hundreds of monasteries and
10,000 monks associated with the Sthavira School of Mahayana in Kanchipuram.
Present day Nagapattinam in Tamil Nadu had a monastic complex, Chudamani
Vihara, constructed in 1006 CE. This monastery enjoyed the patronage of
Chola king. Since 1856, about 350 bronze Buddha have been excavated at
Nagapattinam, belonging to the period of 11-16 century.
The small fishing village of Kaveripattinam revealed excavated remains of a
3rd century Buddhist temple and monastery
Uraiyur was an active Buddhist center during the advent of Buddhism in
The Pandyan capital of Madurai was a center of Buddhist monastery built by