KESARIA STUPA -
stupa is the largest in the world, with a height of 104 ft, and attracts
lots of Buddhist pilgrims from around the world. Excavated in 1998, the
stupa is rare example of Buddhist architecture and archaelogical
preservation. The stupa competes with that of Borobodur (103 ft) in Java, a
world heritage site, of 103-m height. It is believed that the stupa has
further immersed into earth after the famous 1934- earthquake before which,
the height of this stupa was 123 ft. Huen Tsang has mentioned, in his
travelogue, about this giant stupa. Some important aspects of Buddha's life
are associated with Kesaria. It is known that he spent a night at this place
before his Nirvana, and gave his begging -bowl to the people of Vaishali.
Buddha also asked Lichhivis to return to Vaishali after his death and its
believed that Lichhivis built this stupa.
Kesaria is located at a distance of 110 Km from Patna, in the Champaran
(east) district of Bihar. It is spread between Latitude: 22o54'N Longitude:
The stupa is believed to be of a height of 150 ft while the Borobodur is of
138. The striking similarity in the two is that both have six floors, and
the diameter of the Kesaria stupa is equal to that of the width of the
Borobodur. The stupa was built to commemorate the end-life of Lord Buddha,
by Licchvis, as for the matter of fact Buddha held the Lichhvis high and
also preached others to do so.
The place is a reminiscent to the Buddha's last phase of life, his
humanitarian approach towards all, independent of caste and creed. His
simple and ethical principles also come into mind while one travels this
huge Stupa, nearly twice as large as that of Sanchi.
Excavated in 1998, this place has become a global tourist attraction within
a short span of time. The place exerts a spiritual effect on everybody and
relieves the aesthetics. According to some archaeologists, this monument
dates back to 200 AD to 750 AD, and is associated to some Raja Chakravarti.
The circumference of this brick monument is nearly 1400 ft which, is a
certificate of its bulky structure.
The excavation led to many significant findings such as Islamic coins,
arrow heads, copper and terracotta items etc.
The landscape is also quite attractive and has a heartwarming effect on the
tourists travelling to the city.
The village is ancient and is related to Ramayana, and hence has a
rich history associated with it. The village houses many important tourist
attractions such as the double storeyed Buddhist monastery, Kolhua pillar
and ruins of the monastery, a mound refered to as Raja Vaihala ka Garh, The
stupas of Buddha, the Bhawan pokhar temple and the Vaishali museum. Besides,
mango groves and rice fields beautifully surround the place to make it an
ideal religious destination.
This place is very important to Buddhists
due to the fact that Lord Buddha gave his last sermon here and passed away
in this village. It is also associated to Mahavira, the Jain saint. The
places to see include the Mahaprinirvana tempe, Nirvana stupa, Mathakuar
shrine, Ramabhar Stupa, the peace pagoda, and Kushinagar museum.
Besides the Buddha Purnima festival is a fabulous festival and thousands of
devotees flock to Kushinagar on this occasion.
How to reach
Patna airport at a distance of 150 Km is the
Kesaria station is a well-connected railway
station in broad gauge network.
The road network is well connected with
Muzzaffarpur, Motihari etc.
Where to stay
One can stay at Kushinagar, in Hotel Nikko Lotus or in the Royal Residency.
However, dharmashalas and other charity foundations' accommodation
arrangements could also be tried out.