The other side of Goa hosts a number of natural Buddhist Caves dating back
to 250 BC.
The name, Lamgao
in Goa finds its Buddhist origins meaning abode
of the Lamas the monks of Tibet. Two manmade rock-cut caves in Lamgao
near Bicholim have an imposing pavilion like structure in the sanctum,
massive platform and a chiseled entablature with beams; large pillars and
ceiling impart dignity to manmade caves. Due to this elaborate structure
only, these caves have massive appearance similar to Buddhist counterpart
caves in Deccan region.
The rock cut caves at Arvalem
, famously known as Pandava Caves also
derive their Buddhist origins. It is believed that the cave complex has been
chiseled by travelling Buddhist monks. The structure and patterns of the
caves also suggest the same way as Buddhist caves. The discovery of a huge
Buddha statue nearby the complex justifies that the relationship of caves
also constitute the footprints of Buddhist heritage in
Goa. Believed to be carved in by the Buddhist monks in 6th-7th century, the
cave has a lot of religious and historical significance. The fact that the
caves were built by Buddhist monks indicate the presence of Buddhist culture
and community in Goa during that period.