Mathura: The birthplace of Hindu God Krishna, Mathura is highly venerated by
the people of other sects as well, the most important being the Buddhists.
Although the place was visited by the Lord Gautam Buddha only once in His
lifetime, but even after His mahaparinirvana, it kept on flourishing as an
important Buddhist centre till about 9th century CE. The thoughts and
principles of Buddhism were preached to the people of Mathura by an eminent
scholar and a disciple of the Buddha, Mahakachhayana. The base of Buddhism
grew stronger at the site when Upagupta, the religious teacher(guru) of the
emperor Ashoka built a huge monastic complex in Mathura. It was then, the
Mathura school of art also flourished to become an eminent feature of the
Buddha's sculptures. The Chinese traveller, Fa-Hein, who had visited
Mathura, mentioned in his account about twenty Buddhist monasteries, three
stupas and five Deva temple in Mathura. However, soon due to the revival of
Hinduism and subsequently the Islamic invasion of India led to the decline
of Buddhism in the area by the 11th century, which has now been confined to
the archaeological museum of Mathura.
Facts About the City :
State : Uttar Pradesh
Significance : Birthplace of the Hindu God Lord Krishna.
A Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage.
Best Time to Visit : October to March.
Tourist Attractions in Mathura :
Archaeological Museum : A place worth visiting, the
archaeological Museum of Mathura is an important Buddhist centre of
attraction. The archaeological museum, which comprises a huge collection of
Buddhist sculptures including that of the Buddha and the Bodhisattvas,
throws a light on the excellent work of art belonging to the Mathura school
of art, which had flourished during the Kushanas' period.
Constructed in the year 1814, the Dwarkadhish temple has been
dedicated to the God Krishna. The temple, which is being managed by the
followers of Vallabhacharya, is one of the most prominent temples in
Mathura. An excellent work of art, the interiors of the temple include
images of the Lord Krishna, His beloved Radha and other Hindu Gods and
"Perform your obligatory duty, because
action is indeed better than inaction." - Shrimat Bhagavad Gita.
Ranghbhumi is the site in Mathura, which explains why to save the purpose of
human beings, Lord Krishna had to kill his maternal uncle Kansa. It was at
this wrestling area, where He killed Kansa in a duel, and set His parents
free from His uncle's prison. Located nearby is the Vishrama Ghat, where
Lord Krishna took rest after killing His maternal uncle, Kansa.
to Reach Mathura :
The nearest airport is at Delhi, 145 kilometers
The Mathura railway station is well connected to
Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow and other major cities of I9ndia by a good
Mathura, which lies on the National Highway number
2, is well linked with regular state bus services from Madhya Pradesh, Uttar
Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan and Haryana.
A home to around 4000 temples dedicated to
the Hindu deities especially Lord Krishna, Vrindavan is one of the most
important pilgrimage centres for the Hindus. The history of Vrindavan dates
back to around more than 5000 years ago, when Lord Krishna had chosen this
place to play flute and perform 'Raasleela' with the Gopis. Located 12
kilometers away from Mathura, Vrindavan enshrines Govind Dev temple, Radha
Ballabh temple, Rangaji temple, Bankey Bihari temple, Pagal Baba temple and
Madan Mohan temple to name a few.
Located 10 kilometers away from Mathura, the holy
land of Gokul had witnessed the childhood of Lord Krishna. It is Gokul,
which saw Him stealing butter, and whenever caught making an innocent face
so that nobody could punish Him. It was also at Gokul, where His mother
Yashoda saw the entire universe in His mouth. Today, though a small
destination, Gokul is highly venerated by the Hindus, who come here and
offer prayer in Gokul Agaman, Ukhal Bandhan, Putna Moksha, Brahman Ghat,
Balarama temple and the Makhan Chor Ashth Sakha Leela.
25 kilometers away from Mathura, Govardhan is
believed to be the place where Lord Krishna had protected the entire village
from the anger of God of rain, Indra by holding up the Govardhan hill on one
The city of Taj Mahal- a symbol of eternal love,
Agra lies just 52 kilometers southeast of Mathura. This medieval city, which
is a home to several historical monuments such as Jama Masjid, Agra fort and
others, is one of the favourite destinations among the tourists from all
across the globe.
Where to stay
Low and mid-bidget hotels are available in Mathura.