Ajanta Caves are timeless and exquisitely eternal. Belonging to 2nd century
BC, this artistic arc of 30 rock cut caves is blessed with a mystic aura
ruling its creative excellence. The work of immaculate discipline, devotion
and dedication is visible in the form of wall frescoes, paintings,
scriptures and sculptures from Jataka tales along with Sigiriya art from Sri
These caves also witnessed the glory and waning of the two sects of
Buddhism - the Hinayana and Mahayana.
Ellora Caves inspire every visitor with its excellence chiseled in rock,
making it largest cave temple complex in the world. Located in the
north-west Aurangabad, the rock shrines represent three different faiths of
Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The linear complex contains Buddhist
Chaityas, Viharas or Monasteries, Hindu and Jain Temples. Designated as the
World Heritage Site along with Ajanta Cave, these caves present the artistic
legacy that has potentials to enrich the future generations.
The 12 Buddhist caves at Aurangabad feature 1 Chaityagriha and 2 Viharas.
The paintings of Bodhisattvas in these caves form the attraction for the
A section of Elephanta Caves feature two Buddhist caves featuring brick
stupas. A world heritage site, these caves represent the brilliance of rock
cut architecture belonging to the 5th century.
Pitalkhora Caves consist of a series of chaityagrihas, one housing votive
stupa, one apsidal and single cell and the rest are viharas.
The history of the caves can be traced back up to 1st century B.C. There
are two main caves. The best known cave is the chaitya (prayer hall) with
comparatively large stupa, the other cave is monastery - vihara. Both the
caves contain some carvings although are less ornate than later caves. Both
caves are facing eastwards so it is recommended to visit the caves early
morning, as in sunlight the beauty of carvings is enhanced. There is also a
small "Stupa" outside to the right of the main caves.
Deekshabhoomi is the religious monument in Nagpur devoted to Buddhism. The
site witnessed the conversion of Babasaheb Ambedkar, the father of India
Constitution, to Buddhism along with his 3, 80,000 followers. A stupa is
built here on the lines of Sanchi.
Other Caves in Maharashtra
Besides these known caves, there are other rock structures contributing to
the rock legacy of Maharashtra. Entering these rock kingdoms transport a
traveler to the timeless era where stones and large boulders formed a canvas
of creativity and devotion. These caves are known as Karla, Bhaja,
Tutlajana, Ghorawadi, Shivneri, Jogeshwari, Mahakali, Pandavleni and Junnar